Unequivocally Yes – MPs Should Live In Their Constituency!!!!

This is a no brainer.  Why we have not made this mandatory in our selection puzzles me. The constituency/community comprises of residents who by the majority have certain similarities in their choice of residency.  It is only logical that the person who hails from the same environment would be best suited to represent them in Parliament.

Tell the people of this country why any Government would not want the best representation for the people daily?  Where do the delegates live?  Are they community based or in neighboring communities?  Having a Member of Parliament who lives in Kingston and represent the people of Clarendon for ‘argument sake’ makes not ‘one drop of sense’.

In the same token  MPs necessarily I opine should not hold Ministerial positions.



Should members of parliament live in their constituencies?

(Jamaica Observer) Friday, September 18, 2015 | 4:38 PM     48 Comments 
KINGSTON, Jamaica – So, there are 13 more days to go until the September 30 deadline to get on the next voters’ list.

Yesterday OBSERVER ONLINE asked: “Would you vote? Why/why not?” You responded, and overwhelmingly so!

Some respondents said they will not be doing so because neither of the two political parties — Jamaica Labour Party and People’s National Party — deserve their vote, while others were adamant that they will exercise their right to have a say in who leads the country. There was still another set of respondents calling for the opportunity to vote for a leader as well as a party.

Droula said: “I would not vote because this current system only allows me to vote for a party and I don’t want to vote for them. I want to be able to have an input on who will lead my country, so I am suggesting that we have leadership elections as well. Let the people choose who they want to lead.”

Shift backed Droula’s call, adding: “Even more so Droula, I would like to vote on policies that are being passed. The Government is supposed to consider what the people of the nation want as well. When a bill, policy or law is being decided on, we should all be able to vote on it.

“Voting for which party wins doesn’t do much, because not all members of the party make sense and it is holding us back,” Shift insisted.

Shavarre O Bayley said on Facebook: “Well certainly I will. It’s my democratic right to do so as a law-abiding citizen. A country cannot run on its own, someone has to be in charge, there must be a body that governs; a school cannot operate on its own, there must be a principal, there must be teachers. My choice, the people’s choice, I’ll be putting my X right beside the:—-.”

Calabash Man also said he will vote. “…it is the only way my opinion of who should hold the reins of this country will be counted,” he said.

However, Bertheadz said he will not be voting.

“I work in the public sector. I’ve seen what both parties are capable of. I have never voted, and will never, unless one of them takes corruption seriously, reforms the political funding system and supports the corruption prevention agencies,” said Bertheadz.

Resydent S Wint said on Facebook: “Why vote when regardless of which party wins, there will be no changes. Same politicians wearing different colours to fool the ignorant!”

“Why vote for suffering? From we get the so-called independence over 50 years now, Jamaican people, do you see your lives any better for you, family, friends, and neighbours? Are you comfortable with the life you are living?” Shalom Cameron questioned.

There were also those respondents who spoke out against people’s inaction and unwillingness to get involved in the voting process.

“There is not much of an option when it comes to voting in Jamaica,” Livingston Brown said. “But sometimes inaction has more severe consequences than action.

“There are times when one has to choose between the lesser of two evils. I think I have sufficient experience living in Jamaica to make that choice.

So of course, I will vote.”

Xamyca said: “To be honest, I was not a regular voter, but regardless of how tough the choice or unattractive even, I realised that not voting is part of the problem. I want government to perform out of fear, and that can only happen if we have high voter participation.

And there are still those who although they have voted in the past, they now lack the motivation to vote again.

“I voted twice before, but now I don’t have that drive anymore. Right now I feel hopeless,” said Blessed. “The two major political parties have me feeling like an old man grasping for a little air, and no matter what I do, none of them can assist me by giving me a little air. They are hopeless. The country is doomed.”

The next voters’ list will be published on November 30, but we want you to continue the discussion with us as the OBSERVER ONLINE countdown to the enumeration deadline continues.


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Greed………….Front, Back and Centre With The ‘Ego’ Above – Farmers Bank!!

Nepotism ‘run tings’ on this Island of ours.  Until we begin to oversee the overseer, this kind of gross impropriety will always be unveiled.  The question we must ask ourselves is when it is that the Government will be the first to unearth such?

If you who are appointed to lead have an issue with being led, then should you be appointed?  Everyone must answer to someone and that is our major challenge that we seem not to be overcoming. We have the tendency to believe that we the ‘big wigs’, ‘toppa, toppa’ are above everyone else and above protocols, systems and policies that are in place.  We take pride in circumventing then attempt to justify those actions.  That is the crisis we face, as no one wishes to take responsibility and say ‘I screwed up’. Can we appoint men and women of integrity and not those who are emotionally tied to their peers at the expense of the country?    We seem to place a greater importance on being ‘friends’ rather than integrity and credibility as main traits of stewardship and governorship. Our track record shows we cannot separate friendship from business.

‘All a oono in a di kitchen sink’, so just fire immediately without explanation.  The explanation is in the misappropriation of funds. Do you remember the word ‘shame’?  Where has our shame gone?


Rogue bankers – Chairman blames troubles on defiant directors, Chung cites lack of leadership

 (Jamaica Gleaner)Saturday | September 19, 2015
From left: Permanent Secretary Donovan Stanberry; Derrick Kellier, minister of agriculture; and Hugh Graham, chairman of the Agricultural Credit Board, in intense discussion yesterday moments after a press conference to address the irregularities at the National People’s Co-operative Bank. The press conference was held at the ministry’s offices on Hope Road in St Andrew.

THERE WERE early signs that directors of the board of the National People’s Co-operative (PC) Bank were operating as a law unto themselves and defying repeated efforts by the Agricultural Credit Board (ACB) to rein in their misuse of millions of dollars of depositors’ money.

An ACB audit of the entity revealed that the directors and board members allocated loans to each other, at times in contravention of stipulated rules.

“We did see the signs. In fact, warning letters were issued from as early as March (2015), and there are issues, for instance, with the PC Bank submitting timely information because it is on this information that we base certain situations, so due process did take place,” Hugh Graham, chairman of the ACB, told yesterday’s press conference, which was hosted by the agriculture ministry at its Hope Gardens head office in St Andrew.

“We gave the PC Bank an opportunity, in fact, to become compliant with our request for information on other things. It was not forthcoming, and when it came for a renewal of their registration, it was denied,” he disclosed.

Even the threat of deregistration of the PC Bank did not bring the delinquent directors in line, and it was only after Audley Shaw, opposition spokesman on finance, raised the matter at a recent meeting of the Public Administration and Appropriations Committee that the misuse of $665 million came to light.

“A situation existed before where some of these directors sat on certain committees, and that was a breach of the governance process. They have been dismissed. For instance, we have directors who were in arrears who were part of the credit committee. Now, that can never be acceptable in any jurisdiction,” Graham pointed out. He charged that the ACB then “immediately removed those directors, and the collections are ongoing as we speak.”

Derrick Kellier, minister of agriculture and fisheries, however, dismissed as frivolous news about the use of the $665 million, which he insists is not missing, but was used “inappropriately”. He noted that the sum was “unaccounted for” based on the preliminary findings of an ongoing audit.

“I am pretty positive, based on my preliminary advice and information, that this is not any lost funds or any misappropriated funds. As far as we know, up to this point in time, no money has been misappropriated in this exercise. The findings have not said so, and based on what is coming out, I await the finalisation of the audit before making any further comment on that issue,” Kellier declared.

Dennis Chung, president of the Private Sector Organisation of Jamaica, however, has come out strongly against the absence of a corporate governance policy, a situation he believes led to the breakdown in fiduciary operations at the bank, allowing for the directors to operate in open defiance of the regulatory agency.

“We see it as a big issue,” the chartered accountant told The Gleaner yesterday. “This thing is unacceptable, and if you have a proper corporate governance framework, it definitely would have ensured that many of these things don’t happen.”

Continuing, he said that a governance framework encompassed the audit functions and the audit committee should play a critical role in the process.

Chung, who has been appointed to the boards of a number of government institutions, insisted that the irregularities would have and should have been picked up early in any properly run organisation.

“Where was the audit committee in all of this? The audit committee is written into the Public Bodies Management and Accountability Act, so where was the audit committee? And if there was no audit committee in place, the people who are overseeing the PC Bank, why wasn’t all of this picked up?

Graham told the press conference that the situation at the PC Bank was a recurring one, and efforts to thwart the ACB’s oversight functions were well coordinated and orchestrated.

“This is not the first time that the PC Bank has run into problems and we have had to have interventions from both this minister and the ACB and the Development Bank of Jamaica,” he conceded.

“In fact, in our letter to the PC Bank of May 14, I believe there were some 19 terms and conditions that they had to adhere to. Still, they submitted a plan of action as to how they would turn around the organisation. We were, of course, not satisfied and thereafter proceeded to take the action, which was to take over the management and control under Section 17 of the Agricultural Credit Board Act.”

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Excellent And Forthright Article – 1st Time MPs Must Learn!!!!

I commented on this debacle caused by the supposedly ‘youths’ in earlier posts but would just add.   It appears the ‘gripe’ water is what they expect Madame PM to ‘fork out’.  I reiterate, the PM spoke four (4) years ago when she gave the charge after winning the election of what is expected of these bright stars and others.  The chickens are now coming home to roost, and MPs are expecting to be bailed out.  While democracy is at play, they certainly have caused a distraction and one would hope they would take a piece of humble pie and call a truce.  Which one of them is BIG enough for the greater good of the Party to tell their supporters after they have been rejected to ‘ease and settle’. 

It takes a BIG man/woman to ‘tek wey demself’ and allow others to take centre stage when the battle is not worth fighting.  That is where wisdom through age comes out on top every time.  No matter how bright many are academically, there are life lessons that if you have no intention of being schooled in by your elders, ‘u nah go cross it wid longevity.


Embattled PNP MPs had it coming — Morris

Morris says embattled parliamentarians ignored Portia’s warnings not to disrespect constituents

(Jamaica Observer)  Friday, September 18, 2015     134 Comments

MORRIS… some of these MPs have ignored the Constitution of the PNP (Story on Page 4)

THE People’s National Party (PNP) members of parliament who are facing internal challenges for their seats have brought the problem on themselves by being arrogant and rude to their constituents, as well as by ignoring warnings from the party president and Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller to ensure that they form groups and avoid disrespecting people, according to Government Senator Floyd Morris.

According to Morris, now that the embattled MPs are in trouble, they have been calling on Simpson Miller to save them. However, he argued that any attempt by her to do that would be a betrayal of the principle of people power that has been well established in the party.

“Over the past four years, some members of parliament (MPs) have been in a tussle with some of their constituents. Some of these tussles have been over the distribution of scarce benefits and spoils and others have been downright arrogant and rude behaviour on the part of some MPs to their constituents. Whatsoever is the case, the citizens, some of whom are delegates in the PNP, are now using their constitutional and democratic right to exact revenge to MPs who they believe were unfair to them,” Morris, who is also the Senate president, wrote in an article submitted to the Jamaica Observer, and which he titled ‘People power at work’.

Morris was reacting to criticism by political analysts that the problems being faced by some MPs and which have created a crisis in the ruling party were exacerbated by Simpson Miller’s long silence on the matter.

According to the analysts, the PNP president should have stepped in long ago and quelled the disputes over representation which have embroiled Lisa Hanna (St Ann South Eastern), Damion Crawford (St Andrew East Rural), Dr Lynvale Bloomfield (Portland Eastern), Lloyd B Smith (St James Central), Hugh Buchanan (St Elizabeth South Western), and Raymond Pryce (St Elizabeth North Eastern).

Morris pointed out that ever since the PNP’s formation in 1938, a democratic process has been instituted to elect leaders, including the party’s founding father, Norman Manley. All other leaders — Michael Manley, PJ Patterson, and Simpson Miller — “have been subjected to this fine democratic tradition”, Morris argued.

“At the core of this democratic tradition has been the formation of groups. Groups of 10 or more individuals are formed in constituencies as a means of representing the interest of the PNP in communities. They are the major ‘mouthpiece’ of the organisation in communities, having the responsibility of communicating programmes and policies of the PNP to citizens and to provide feedback to the leadership of the organisation,” Morris stated.

“These groups have the right to elect delegates to represent them at the division, constituency, Regional Executive Council (REC) and Annual Conference. These delegates can be a doctor, teacher, lawyer, farmer, dressmaker, or of no profession at all. They have the right, as accorded by the Constitution of the PNP, to elect their leaders from the division, constituency and Annual Conference,” the senator added.

He said that in 2003, the constitution of the PNP was amended to allow for all members of a group to be able to elect their leaders at the division and constituency level. This, he said, has served to broaden the democratic base of the PNP. “In other words, it has put ‘people power’ to action,” Morris argued.

He said that the foundational principle of social justice in the PNP places members on an equal footing, adding: “There is no master and servant in the movement, and so what we are seeing at play here is members who are in groups, exercising their democratic right.”

“MPs who are now condemning the process had four years to fix the problem. They have the right to form the groups and to make them function as they ought to. As a matter of fact, no group can be formed without the knowledge and approval of a constituency executive of which the MP is either a member or the chairman. What has however happened [is that] some of these MPs have ignored the Constitution of the PNP.”

He said that these MPs were warned by Simpson Miller and other officers of the party, that if they ignored the groups, they would do so at their peril.

“There are two such MPs who are my very good friends, and who I have the greatest of respect for, who I have spoken to on more than one occasion about forming the groups in their constituency. On each occasion, they rubbished the thought of forming the groups, and this is what has come to haunt them like a ghost,” Morris said.

He said he has sat in meetings at all levels of the organisation and heard Simpson Miller admonishing and encouraging MPs to stay close to their people.

Morris also said that Simpson Miller has warned about the complaints that she has received about disrespectful comments being hurled at constituents by MPs and councillors.

“On every occasion she has indicated that she would not condone such behaviour and told them not to expect her support when they are to face the people. It is, therefore, blatantly unfair and disingenuous for anyone to claim that the Prime Minister of Jamaica and president of the PNP is ‘missing in action’,” Morris said.

“She has been warning and counselling some of these MPs, and now that they have to face the delegates, they are calling upon her to save them. This would be a betrayal of people power and the democracy that has been well established in the PNP. The people now have the MPs on their territory and are exacting revenge. Those who have eyes to see must see, and those ears to hear must listen.”

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‘Wat a Ting Wen U Can Con A Policeman, Links Ago Bruk Wi’

Is it that we are extremely gullible or is it that our white collar criminals are more intelligent than us?

I would have thought that when you talk about ‘links’ relating to obtaining a fire arm, the best person would be the ‘copper’ himself.  Here we have a situation where the very same police is being conned by a civilian who professed to have links at higher levels than the JCF.  I liken this incident to gun men entering a police station and robbing it.  What does this say about the bigger picture? 


Cops conned by private firearm ‘salesman’

 (Jamaica Gleaner) Wednesday | September 16, 2015

A Kingston man is now in police custody for allegedly defrauding two policemen after he collected money from them to buy firearms but failed to deliver.

It’s reported that in 2012, the man, who reportedly had a close working relationship with the police, collected money from the two cops to procure the private firearms at “concessionary rates”.

He reportedly told them that he had dealings with a private Corporate Area gun shop and had “links” with the Firearm Licensing Authority, the finance ministry, and the national security ministry; however, after the money was paid over, the man, said to be in his 50s, disappeared.

Superintendent Arthur Brown, head of the East Kingston police, said the man was taken into custody over the weekend; however, the officer declined to comment on the specifics of the investigation, offering only that the man was arrested after he allegedly attempted to defraud members of the constabulary.

It is understood that although only two cops have so far come forward to give statements, other cops might also have been defrauded by the man.

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It Is Settled!!! – Democracy Is What You Want, It Is What You Shall Receive

When you are on the outside looking in, your information can become askew.  When your reliance is on the media, you have to differentiate between tabloid reporting and news media.  There is a difference I believe and once the reporting is sensationalised and salacious, it is tabloid press and really ought not to be sworn on by you unless you have the spoken word quoted.

Election fever temperature is rising, and as such the political gloves are now on as the governing Party prepares itself for poll position.  MPs are nervous and those who are know they have just cause to be so.  Why aren’t differences ironed out earlier on?  The nature of many is to brush issues aside until the final hour hoping that someone burns out and cave in.  ‘People power’ is an amazing slogan more so ‘power to the people’.  When you run on such a mantra, ‘all hell will pop loose if the said people nuh get wey dem want’.  Winning the election is the beginning for supporters and elected officials.  Winning your seat is your beginning.  Losing your seat is your own fault.  Holding on to your seat is a lesson that should be taught by the seasoned politicians who have held their own, to those upcoming, energetic, verbose first timers.


Raymond Pryce out!

(Jamaica Observer) Tuesday, September 15, 2015 | 12:35 AM     87 Comments

 PRYCE… I will not be available to stand as a candidate for the People’s National Party in the next general elections

KINGSTON, Jamaica – Raymond Pryce will not continue as a candidate in the selection process to represent the People’s National Party in the St Elizabeth North Eastern constituency in the next general elections.

In a statement issued by Team PNP on behalf of the first-time member of Parliament, Pryce said he took the decision to withdraw his name from the selection process.

This he said was because of “recent developments within the political organisation of the constituency of North Eastern St Elizabeth and the serious implications that have arisen”.

“I will therefore not be available to stand as a candidate for the People’s National Party when the next general elections are called,” Pryce said in the statement.

However, he also said that he remains loyal to the People’s National Party and subscribes to its principles and ideals.

“I thank the people of North East St Elizabeth for their support and will continue my strident representation on their behalf and in their interest until a new representative is elected,” the statement read.

The incumbent Pryce was facing a challenge for leadership of the constituency from Santa Cruz businessman Evon Redman.

Last week, an injunction was secured by former Mayor of Black River Daphne Holmes, a Pryce supporter, barring the party from holding a conference to select a candidate in the constituency.

Just yesterday, an OBSERVER ONLINE source disclosed that Mayor of Black River and chairman of the St Elizabeth Parish Council, Everton Fisher, has been tipped to become the PNP’s standard bearer in the constituency.

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418 Years In USA Prison – Punishment That Fits The Crime – Copy That Jamaica!!!!

Desperate people do desperate things; greed begets greed, I will agree to those sentiments. However, no matter what you are confronted with, exploitation must also be dealt with in a manner that would cause all elements involved to think twice. Jamaicans were among those Caribbean people ‘conned’.

There are those who profess to be so astute declaring they can never be conned. I like to say, I have become more aware since the Cash Plus and Olint debacle and have to admit I was duly ‘duped and conned’. With that said, it is always easier said than done, when you live a life devoid of any kind of risk taking. I refer to those persons as lame ducks who rarely get my blood circulating which is a necessity for a healthy and balanced life. Being on the edge is way more exciting I opine than being on the sidelines watching.

Never must we lose sight of all the intricacies that are involved in immigration law. It is not as clear, cut and dry as many may believe. Not all persons have over stayed or engaged in business marriages. Immigration law is much more complex. Often time’s persons who seek counsel and pay for such are indeed desperate as choosing that route means they believe their case has a degree of merit to it. The person who has overstayed on their visa or who is a criminal and illegal is not going to seek and pay for counsel. Their goal is to remain under cover for as long as possible and if they are caught and deported, then their efforts are placed on how to re enter illegally once again. I am inclined to believe that this criminal minded family having the brains to circumvent the system sufficiently for so long, exploited their victims to the fullest and the sentence is justifiable.

This is a classic case of generational evil.


Trinidadian family sentenced to 418 years in US prison

(Jamaica Observer) Thursday, September 10, 2015 | 1:53 PM 63 Comments 

Shane Ramsundar listens to his sentencing Wednesday at Queens Supreme Court for running a US$1.8-million immigration and real estate scheme.(Photo: nydailynews.com)

NEW YORK (CMC) – A Trinidadian couple and their daughter, accused of conning 19 Caribbean immigrants in the United States of more than US$1.8 million, have been sentenced to a total of 418 years in prison.

In the sentence handed down on Wednesday, Shane Ramsundar, 52, his 48-year-old wife Gomatee Ramsundar and daughter Shantal, 23, were described by the judge as “the most despicable gang of criminals to ever sit in front of me.”

Shane Ramsundar received the maximum 235-year sentence. His wife was sentenced to 153 years and daughter 30 years.

The three were found guilty last November of grand larceny.

Prosecutors said Shane Ramsundar told immigrants that he could get their names on terror watch lists, or prevent their deportation by getting them green cards.

Assistant District Attorney Catherine Kane said: “They stole from their own people afraid of reporting to the police, terrified of being deported back to a place where they had no one to go home to”.

One of the victims was an immigrant suffering with multiple sclerosis who gave the family of con artists US$43,000 after being told that at he was about to be deported.

Ramsundar also fooled immigrants into believing that he could get them cheap housing.

Prosecutors said that the family used some of the money to buy cars, expensive hand bags, and go on shopping sprees.

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Afraid Of Challenges?? – Foolishness! – PNP Watch Your Step!!!

That is our problem in this Country, our memories are too short.  I recall the Prime Minister upon victory, charging all and sundry when appointed to ‘go and work’. 

Listen to me and listen to me carefully.  If I like you and I believe you are up to the task, and I give you an opportunity to prove yourself and you fail, I will ‘kick you to the curb’ quicker than the person I did not like.  You do not ride on my back because I know you, am friendly towards you or fond of you.  Those are the reasons why you should stand out from the pack and excel at the task at hand.  Do you understand what ‘people power or power to the people’ really means?  Go check!!!!!!

I say this to you; people are wiser now than 30 and 40 years ago. If you have delivered to the people, you have nothing to worry about.  You cannot postpone the inevitable.  Those aspiring for leadership must understand there is no ‘mommy’ or ‘daddy’ to protect them if they fail the people.  You will be loved yes by both, but you are in the big league and you must be prepared to ‘tek di licks’.  Get on with the business at hand, democracy ‘run tings’, and order will prevail as ‘nuh group nuh bigger dan di Peoples National Party.  It dideh before plenta a wi did born, an it ago deydeh same way till en of times’.


CHAOS – PNP pickle as Comrades jostle for positions

 (Jamaica Gleaner) Sunday | September 13, 2015
PNP President Portia Simpson Miller
Raymond Pryce could be in the nastiest fight of them all.
Patrick Atkinson should know shortly if he will face a challenge.
Damion Crawford might have tricked himself.
Lisa Hanna is in the fight of her life.
Hugh Buchanan survived his challenge.
Bloomfield lost his slection race.
There has been no word yet out of the People’s National Party (PNP) following an emergency officers meeting called late last Friday, but party insiders say the leadership is struggling to deal with internal rifts threatening to tear it apart.

According to insiders, the spate of challenges to sitting members of parliament (MPs) is unprecedented. The leadership is surprised at how loud, boisterous and contentious these challenges have been.

Last week, PNP Chairman Robert Pickersgill sought to downplay the seriousness of the internal contests, which are becoming increasingly nasty, as he labelled them “the workings of a democratic party”.

But even Pickersgill’s positive outlook has not been able to ease the consternation and confusion brought about by verbal attacks, protests, petitions, complaints and even court action.

With battle lines drawn left, right and centre, PNP vice-president in charge of Region Six, Derrick Kellier, told The Sunday Gleaner that there will be replacement candidates in the western end of the island.


“East Central St James and North West St James will have new candidates in the upcoming election, but we have not yet signed off fully on the rest,” said Kellier, without naming the new candidates.

“We will hear by Sunday (today) what is the position in these constituencies,” promised Kellier.

He asserted that even with the uncertainties, the organisation on the ground is prepared and the process far advanced.

“It is just that we have not signed off on the standard-bearers for those constituencies,” Kellier added.

Veteran MP Dr D.K. Duncan is among those to be replaced, and there are indications that Lloyd B. Smith, the MP for Central St James, could be out in the cold as well, even though he has indicated that he is ready to contest the next election.

“As is well known, Dr D.K. Duncan has expressed his intention not to contest in Eastern Hanover, so there will be a new candidate,” said Kellier, who oversees the 10 constituencies in Westmoreland, Trelawny and St James for the PNP.

According to Kellier, despite the challenges, the PNP is poised to do well in his region.

“I am very positive that if an election is called now, we will be able to take home the majority of the 10 seats in the region,” he said.


But with the turmoil raging in the PNP, party insiders are worried that Kellier’s positive outlook is merely political rhetoric.

The insiders point to Raymond Pryce, the feisty, first-term parlia-mentarian who is being challenged by Evon Redman in North East St Elizabeth.

Sitting East Portland MP Dr Lynvale Bloomfield has already fallen to Andrea Moore in her long quest for a seat in Gordon House, while Hugh Buchanan, the first-time MP in the seat in which his father, the late Donald Buchanan, served for four terms, was given a lifeline by the delegates in South West St Elizabeth.

Buchanan defeated Ewan Stephenson a week ago.

Over in South East St Ann, MP Lisa Hanna is fighting to survive a determined challenge from councillor for the Bensonton division in the constituency, Lydia Richards. That contest was expected to take place today but was called off after one of the camps complained about the voters’ list which reportedly has 100 of the almost 1,000 delegates not known to the camp.

Then there is Damion Crawford, who appears to have called a contest on himself. Long-time Senator Norman Grant and political aspirant Peter Blake could challenge the dreadlocked MP.

A contest is also likely in Northern Trelawny, where another first-term MP, Patrick Atkinson, is facing the wrath of some Comrades.


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Stroke – Not To Be Taken Lightly – Dancehall Selector Suffers A Stroke

Our lifestyle often times is the gateway to the quality of health we maintain for most of us……………………………………….


Causes of stroke 

There are two main types of stroke – ischaemic strokes and haemorrhagic strokes – which affect the brain in different ways and can have different causes. 

Ischaemic strokes

Ischaemic strokes are the most common type of stroke. They occur when a blood clot blocks the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain.

These blood clots typically form in areas where the arteries have been narrowed or blocked over time by fatty deposits known as plaques. This process is known as atherosclerosis.

As you get older, the arteries can naturally narrow, but certain things can dangerously accelerate the process. These include:

Another possible cause of ischaemic stroke is a type of irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation, which can cause blood clots in the heart that break up and escape from the heart and become lodged in the blood vessels supplying the brain.

Atrial fibrillation can have a number of different causes, including lung disease, heart valve disease, excessive alcohol intake, coronary heart disease, and an overactive thyroid gland  (hyperthyroidism). Read more about the causes of atrial fibrillation.

Haemorrhagic strokes

Haemorrhagic strokes (also known as cerebral haemorrhages or intracranial haemorrhages) are less common than ischaemic strokes. They occur when a blood vessel within the skull bursts and bleeds into and around the brain.

The main cause of haemorrhagic stroke is high blood pressure, which can weaken the arteries in the brain and make them prone to split or rupture.

Things that increase the risk of high blood pressure include:

  • being overweight or obese
  • drinking excessive amounts of alcohol 
  • smoking
  • a lack of exercise 
  • stress, which may cause a temporary rise in blood pressure

Haemorrhagic strokes can also occur as the result of the rupture of a balloon-like expansion of a blood vessel (brain aneurysm) and badly-formed blood vessels in the brain.


Foota Hype recouping at home

(Jamaica Observer) Sunday, September 13, 2015

 Foota Hype

POPULAR dancehall selector and music producer Foota Hype is convalescing at his St Andrew home after suffering from a minor stroke earlier this week.

The selector, whose given name is Oneil Thomas, was discharged from the University Hospital of the West Indies in St Andrew, on Friday.

According to reports, Foota Hype was playing at a popular night club in Kingston were he suffered the stroke. He was taken to the hospital where several tests were administered including a CT Scan. Doctors advised him get enough rest and eat properly and on time.

Dozens of the selector fans offered well wishes after he posted a picture of himself on Instagram in a wheelchair.

“Stroke beat mi bad, but God have mi lock so unu gwaan pray fi mi,” he posted.

A music producer as well, Foota Hype known for producing Gully Creature Rhythm, which features artistes including Bounty Killer, Mavado and Haitian-American musician Wyclef Jean.

— Simone Morgan

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Why Not? – Chemical Castration for Rapists, Sexual Deviants

For things to change, you must change.  If you continue on the same path decades upon decades and see no sustainable improvement, you are ‘insane’.

I have long been of the belief that our punishments do not equate to this modern day lawlessness and evil intentions that are pervasive on the Roc.  We spend far too much time bemoaning the atrocities, hurling insults and calling for destruction from above for the perpetrators.  At the expense of the people, we have forgotten that we are placed on Earth to rule, govern until such times.

Leaders, where do your strengths really lie?  The mouth provides no solution to our increasing dilemma with heinous crimes on the Roc.  The time has come for drastic measures!!


Chemical castration to control crime?

(Jamaica Observer) Sunday, September 13, 2015

 Neuro-interventions to control crime

IN many societies, there is a clear need for new methods to prevent or control crime. Traditional means such as physical incarceration oftentimes do not act as a deterrent, nor do they succeed in bringing about rehabilitation or in preventing recurrences.

Instead, they may sometimes produce unwanted side effects at both the individual and societal level. With these negative outcomes or side effects in mind, neuro-intervention is now increasingly being seen as a more effective and humane way to address crime.


Neuro-interventions involve the use of chemicals to treat criminally offending members of society. One such use was invoked into law in the United States territory of Guam in the Pacific recently. Their legislature passed a Bill authorising compulsory chemical castration for convicted sex offenders before they are released back into society. Statistics by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) shows that Guam has the second highest rate of rape among all the territories and states in the USA. Proponents of the bill found these numbers to be very alarming, and so thought they had little option regarding what to do.

Chemical castration is often seen as an easier alternative to life imprisonment or the death penalty in some jurisdictions because it allows the release of sex offenders while reducing or eliminating the chance that that they would repeat the offence. The first use of chemical castration occurred in 1944, when an anti-testosterone drug, diethylstilbestrol, was used with the purpose of lowering men’s testosterone level. Testosterone hormone is closely linked with the sex drive in humans. In 1966, John Money became the first person in the USA to prescribe medroxyprogesterone acetate (the main ingredient in the long-acting contraceptive injection Depo-Provera) as a treatment for a patient who was having paedophilic urges. That drug subsequently became one of the mainstays of chemical castration in the USA. Despite its long history and established use, however, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the USA has never approved the drug as a treatment for sexual offenders.


In an experiment in 1981, 48 males with long-standing histories of sexually deviant behaviour were given medroxyprogesterone acetate for as long as 12 months. Forty of those men were recorded to have diminished desires for deviant behaviour, less frequent sexual fantasies, and greater control over their sexual urges. The research also recorded a continuation of this more positive behaviour after the administration of the drug had ended, with no evidence of adverse side effects, and so it recommended that this drug, along with counselling, was a successful method of treatment for serial sex offenders.

In 2009, Poland legislated forcible chemical castration of child molesters, and in 2010, a man in the United Kingdom agreed to undergo chemical castration as part of the terms of his sentence. In July 2011, South Korea enacted a law that gives judges the power to sentence sex offenders who have attacked children under the age of 16 years to chemical castration. Also, after the outrage that followed the gang rape of a woman in Delhi, India, that Government submitted a draft proposing chemical castration along with an imprisonment of up to 30 years for rape convicts. All this notwithstanding however, the Wellcome Trust in the United Kingdom, a global charitable foundation that funds research to improve human health, is currently funding a study of the bioethical issues involved in any compulsory castration of sex offenders.


The matter of chemical castration pits two important concepts and obligations against each other – protecting the safety and welfare of the public versus protecting the human rights of the offender so that he is not treated in any way that may be less than human. Such concerns are characteristic of debates around the world on the matter. So, whilst a government task force in the Australian state of New South Wales is currently contemplating whether judges should compel sex offenders to undergo the treatment, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists is reportedly opposed to mandatory or compulsory biological treatments for child sex offenders.

They say their Code of Ethics stipulates that psychiatrists should seek valid consent from their patients before undertaking any procedure or treatment.

Further, one expert on sex offenders quoted a fundamental tenet of medical ethics, which states “first, do no harm”. She said administering a substance that has substantial side effects such as osteoporosis (weakening of the bones) and many unknown outcomes, particularly in an environment that restricts the person’s right to make decisions regarding themselves, raises substantial human rights concerns.

Many opponents think that neuro-interventions can be highly intrusive, and may threaten fundamental human values such as bodily integrity and freedom of thought. Further, they argue that humanity has a track record of misguided and unwarrantedly coercive use of psycho-surgery and other neuro-technological ‘solutions’ to criminality that have been frowned upon in the past. In balancing all of these issues, therefore, what are your thoughts on this matter?

Derrick Aarons MD, PhD is a consultant bioethicist/family physician, a specialist in ethical issues in medicine, the life sciences and research, and is the ethicist at the Caribbean Public Health Agency – CARPHA. (The views expressed here are not written on behalf of CARPHA).


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Born fat? Thinking so could get you there

 (Jamaica Observer) All Woman,

Believing your weight is outside of your control could lead you to pack on the pounds, make unhealthy food choices and decrease your quality of life, according to a new study.

“If an individual believes weight to be outside of the influence of diet and exercise, she or he may engage in more behaviours that are rewarding in the short term, such as eating unhealthful foods and avoiding exercise, rather than healthful behaviours with more long-term benefits for weight management,” wrote study authors Dr Mike C. Parent and Dr Jessica L. Alquist of Texas Tech University.

Working with data from 4,166 men and 4,655 women, the researchers found that the belief that weight is unchangeable comes with age – and unhealthy eating.

As people age, they are less likely to read food nutrition labels and increasingly shun fruits, vegetables and exercise for ready-to-eat frozen meals, according to the study, “Born Fat”, published in the journal Health Education and Behaviour.

“Although previous research has found gender differences in weight as a motivation for exercise and healthful eating, we did not find evidence that gender affected the relationship between health beliefs and physical activity or healthful eating,” write the authors.

“However, we found evidence that the relationship between belief in weight changeability and exercise, healthful eating, and unhealthful eating differs by age.”

As new research rolls in about the role of gut bacteria in body weight and that of energy-burning brown fat in metabolism, solutions to obesity could be around the corner, whether or not body weight is determined by DNA.

In the meantime, Parent and Alquist’s study supports a 2014 study conducted at the University of Kent, which suggests that emphasising well-being could be more important for health than honing in on an ideal body weight.

Making good food choices, exercising and taking the time to cook bypasses the harmful effects of yo-yo dieting and decreases one’s likelihood to develop eating disorders, say the researchers, whose study was published in the Journal of Obesity.

“By fighting the perception that weight is unchangeable, health care providers may be able to increase healthful behaviour among their patients,” write Parent and Alquist.


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